Click here to Trading and Buy Bitcoin
Retrieved from "https:/wiki/Special:Search"
Bangladeshi taka - Krypto

Bangladeshi taka

From Krypto, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bangladeshi taka
টাকা (Bengali)
Bengali Currency Taka Sign.svg
ISO 4217
CodeBDT
Denominations
Subunit
 1/100poysha
(defunct)
Symbol
poyshap
Banknotes
 Freq. used5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000
 Rarely used1, 2
Coins
 Freq. used5
 Rarely used1, 2
Demographics
User(s) Bangladesh
Issuance
Central bankBangladesh Bank
PrinterThe Security Printing Corporation Bangladesh Ltd.
 Websitewww.spcbl.org.bd
MintThe Security Printing Corporation Bangladesh Ltd.
Valuation
Inflation5.48%
 SourceBBS, March 2020 [1]

The Bangladeshi taka (Bengali: টাকা, sign: , code: BDT, short form: Tk) is the currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. In Unicode, it is encoded at U+09F3 (HTML ৳).

Issuance of bank notes 10 and larger is controlled by Bangladesh Bank, while the 2 and 5 banknotes are the responsibility of the ministry of finance of the government of Bangladesh. The most commonly used symbol for the taka is "" and "Tk", used on receipts while purchasing goods and services. It was formerly divided into 100 poysha, but poysha coins are no longer in circulation.

Etymology[edit]

Bengal Sultanate Silver taka with a lion symbol, 15th century

According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language and Banglapedia, the word taka came from Sanskrit word tankah.[2][3] Another hypothesis is that the word is derived from a Turkic word Tamga or tamgha , "stamp, seal".[4] Many Turkic-speaking areas in Central Asia were once centers of Indo-Iranian languages. There was a synthesis of Turkic and Iranian cultures, which is known as the Turco-Persian tradition. The Persianized Turks conquered large parts of the Indian subcontinent, giving rise to an Indo-Persian culture. Many kingdoms that used the currency had Persian and Sanskrit as official languages.

The word taka in Bangla is also commonly used generically to mean any money, currency, or notes. Thus, colloquially, a person speaking in Bangla may use "taka" to refer to money regardless of what currency it is denominated in. This is also common in the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura, where the official name of the Indian rupees is "taka" as well. In other eastern Indian languages with the influence of Prakrit in Bihar it is "taka" in Maithili and Magadhi languages, in Assam it is টকা tôka and it is ଟଙ୍କା taṅkā in Odisha.

History[edit]

1947–71[edit]

After the Partition of Bengal in 1947, in East Bengal, which later became the eastern wing of Pakistan union and was renamed to East Pakistan in 1956, the Pakistani rupee also bore the word taka on official notes and coins. Bangla was one of the two national languages of the Pakistan union between 1956 and 1971 (the other being Urdu in West Pakistan). The Bangladeshi taka came into existence since 1972, a year after the independence of the eastern wing of the union, as the independent nation of Bangladesh.

Prior to the Liberation war in 1971, banknotes of the State Bank of Pakistan circulated throughout Bangladesh, and continued to be used in Bangladesh even after independence for only about three months until the official introduction of the taka on 4 March 1972. During the war, it was an unofficial practice of some Bengali nationalists to protest Pakistani rule by stamping banknotes with "বাংলা দেশ" and "BANGLA DESH" as two words in either Bangla or English. These locally produced stamps are known to exist in several varieties, as are forgeries. On 8 June 1971, the Pakistani government declared that all banknotes bearing such stamps ceased to be legal tender. Furthermore, to prevent looted high-denomination notes from disrupting the Pakistani economy, the government also withdrew the legal tender status of all 100- and 500-rupee notes.[5]

Some foreign publications mention that there were rubber stamp "BANGLA DESH" overprints on different denominations of Pakistani bank notes during the a.m. period[clarification needed]. It may be mentioned that Pakistani postage stamps were rubber-stamped and used all over Bangladesh until 30 March 1973, but Bangladesh Bank or the Ministry of Finance never issued an order to overprint or rubber-stamp Pakistani currency.[6] It would be interesting to note here, that a counterfeiting gang is active, which uses a "washing system", whereby ৳100 notes are washed with a special kind of liquid, and the numbers are changed to give it the appearance of a ৳500 note.[7]

Since 1972[edit]

The taka was introduced in Bangladesh in 1972, replacing the Pakistani rupee at par.

Treasury banknotes[edit]

  • The first treasury notes in 1972 for 1 and notes of the Bangladesh Bank for 5, 10 and 100.
  • In 1977, banknotes for 50 were introduced, followed by 500 in 1979 and 20 in 1982.
  • 1 treasury notes were issued until 1992, with 2 treasury notes introduced in 1989.
  • 1000 banknotes were introduced in 2008.
  • 5 banknotes, previously issued by Bangladesh Bank, are now issued by the Government of Bangladesh.

Banknotes and issues[edit]

In 2000, the government issued polymer 10 notes as an experiment (similar to the Australian dollar). They proved unpopular, however, and were withdrawn later. At present, the 1 and 5 notes are gradually being replaced with coins, and in 2008, the government issued 1,000 notes.

In 2011, Bangladesh Bank began issuing a new series of banknotes denominated in 2, 5, 100, 500, and 1000. All are dated 2011 and feature a portrait and watermark of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, along the National Martyr's Monument in Savar at center front.[8]

From 2011, the Bangladesh Bank introduced new notes denominated in 10, 20, and 50 on 7 March 2012. The notes bear the portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the National Martyr's Monument in Savar on the front. On the back of the notes, the 10 will picture the Baitul Mukarram mosque, the 20 pictures the Shat Gombuj mosque in Bagherat, and the 50 notes feature Shilpacharjo Zainul Abedin's famous painting "Ploughing."[9]

On March 7 of 2019, Bangladesh Bank released new ৳100 notes, which had the same design as 2011 Version, but had better security, a stronger Blue and were made of a different material.

On December 15 of 2019, Bangladesh Bank issued new ৳50 banknotes, with the same design as the 2011 version, but had a different colour (orange, brown and fluorescent yellow-green), and a slightly different design in some parts.

On March 17 of 2020, Bangladesh Bank introduced new ৳200 notes. They bear a portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on both sides and a landscape picture of a village, river and boats.

Commemorative banknotes[edit]

In 2011, Bangladesh Bank also introduced a 40 note to commemorate the "40th Victory Anniversary of Bangladesh". The commemorative note features a portrait of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the National Martyr's Monument in Savar on front, and six armed men on back. Curiously, this note has an electrotype 10 in the watermark, indicating it was likely printed on extra 10 banknote paper.[10]

On 15 February 2012, Bangladesh Bank has introduced a 60 note to commemorate "60 years of National Movement". The commemorative note measures 130 by 60 millimetres (5.1 in × 2.4 in) and features the Shaeed Minar (Martyrs' monument) in Dhaka and five men on the back. Like the 40 commemorative note, this note has an electrotype 50 in the watermark. It was likely printed on extra 50 banknote paper.[11]

On 26 January 2013, Bangladesh Bank issued a 25 note to commemorate the 25th anniversary (silver jubilee) of the Security Printing Corporation (Bangladesh) Ltd. On the front is the National Martyr's Monument in Savar, the designs of the previous series of the Bangladeshi taka notes and its postage stamps, three spotted deer and the magpie robin (doyel) bird. On the reverse is the headquarters of the Security Printing Corporation. Curiously, this note has an electrotype 10 in the watermark, indicating it was likely printed on extra 10 banknote paper.[12]

On 8 July 2013, Bangladesh Bank issued a 100 note to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Bangladesh National Museum. The commemorative note features an 18th-century terracotta plaque of a horseman on the front and the Bangladesh National Museum on the back.[13]

Coins[edit]

In 1973, coins were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 poysha. 1 poysha coins followed in 1974, with 1 coins introduced in 1975. The 1, 5 and 10 poysha were struck in aluminium, with the 25 and 50 poysha struck in steel and the 1 in copper-nickel. The 5 poysha were square with rounded corners, and the 10 poysha were scalloped. Steel 5 were introduced in 1994, and a steel 2 coin followed in 2004.

1 and 5 poysha coins are rarely found in circulation. 10, 25, and 50 poysha coins do not circulate widely. Only the 1, 2 and 5 are regularly found in circulation.

1973 Series
Value Composition Description first mint
Reverse Obverse
5 poysha Aluminium National emblem 1973
10 poysha
25 poysha Steel Rohu
50 poysha
1974 Series (FAO)
1 poysha Aluminium National emblem Ornamental design, floral patterns 1974
5 poysha
10 poysha
25 poysha Steel
Various Four human figures, slogan "Planned family – Food for All" 1975
1977 Series (FAO)
5 poysha Aluminium National emblem Plough, Industrial wheel 1977
10 poysha A man and a woman seated on 2 back steeds facing each other
25 poysha Steel Royal Bengal tiger
50 poysha Hilsha fish, chicken, pineapple, banana
Newer Issues
50 poysha Steel National emblem Hilsha fish, chicken, pineapple, banana 2001
1 Four human figures, slogan "Planned family – Food for All" 1992
1 Four human figures, slogan "Planned family – Food for All"
(Golden Version)
1996
1 Four human figures, slogan "Planned family – Food for All" 2003
1 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 2010
2 Steel National emblem Education for All 2004
2 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 2010
5 Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge 1994
5 Steel Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Bangladesh Bank logo 2012

Banknotes[edit]

First Series
Bangladesh introduced its first banknotes on 4 March 1972. At first 1 taka and 100 taka banknotes were introduced. Later 10 and 5 taka notes were added. This first issued series is commonly known as "Map Series".This banknotes are considered as emergency issued banknotes.[14]
Map Series (1972)
Image Value Description Period
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
1 Bangladeshi taka Obs 1972.jpeg 1 Bangladeshi taka Rev 1972.jpg ৳1 Map of Bangladesh Guilloche patterns and numeric 1 writing in Bengali ("১") on center March 4, 1972-30 March 1974
5 Bangladeshi taka Obs 1972.jpg 5 Bangladeshi taka Rev 1972.jpg ৳5 Map of Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Guilloche patterns and numeric 5 writing in Bengali and English 2 June 1972 – 1 April 1973
10 Bangladeshi taka Obs 1972.jpeg 10 Bangladeshi taka Rev 1972.jpg ৳10 Guilloche patterns and numeric 10 writing in Bengali and English May 2, 1972-1 April 1973
৳100 Guilloche patterns and numeric 100 writing in Bengali on and English March 4, 1972-1 April 1973
Second Series
After issuing first banknotes there were many conspiracy theories, counterfeiting problems and rumours, so the government issued the second series. These second series banknotes were printed by Thomas De La Rue of England. First issued banknotes were subsequently withdrawn from circulation by 30 April 1974 after having ceased to hold legal tender status from 30 March 1974.[15]
Thomas De La Rue Series (1972)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
1 Bangladeshi taka Obs 1973 March.jpg 1 Bangladeshi taka Rev 1973 March.jpeg ৳1 Dark purple, light purple and khaki Hand holding paddy rice State Emblem of Bangladesh 2 March 1973
৳5 Red Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Shapla flowers 1 September 1972
৳10 Green Rural landscape of riverine Bangladesh 2 June 1972
৳100 Gray Riverscape of rural Bangladesh 1 September 1972
Third Series
Bangladesh Government signed agreements with Thomas De La Rue and Bradbury Wilkinson at the same time. Both of them printed same denominations with different design almost at the same time. As a result, two different series were circulating at the same time.[15]
Bradbury Wilkinson Series (1972)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Dark purple, light purple and khaki Woman pounding grain Hand holding paddy rice, and the State Emblem of Bangladesh 18 December 1973
৳5 Red Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Factories by a river 15 September 1972
৳10 Green Rural scene 15 October 1973
Fourth Series
During 1976 a completely new series of notes was introduced, with the exception of the 1-taka note, which was released as the second variety of the third issue during 1976. The notes of this issue are notable for the absence of the portrait of Sheikh Mujib, whose portrait had dominated all issues of the Bangladesh Bank until this issue. Instead of the familiar portrait, each note has an illustration of the Star Mosque on its front. 50 and 500taka denomination was added in this series. 5,10,50 and 100 taka denominations were printed by Thomas De La Rue. 500 taka notes were printed by Giesecke and Devrient of Germany.[16]
Star Mosque Series (1976)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳5 Brown Star Mosque Factories by a river 11 October 1976
৳10 Purple Rice harvest 11 October 1976
৳50 Orange Tea garden 1 March 1976
৳100 Orange and blue River scene 1 March 1976
৳500 Blue, Purple and Black Supreme Court of Bangladesh 15 December 1976
Fifth Series
The fifth issue of bank notes was introduced over a two-year period from December 1977 to September 1979. The notes of this issue are very similar to those of the fourth issue; except the ‘Star Mosque’ has been replaced on most notes by a new vignette and the colours of the notes are a little darker.There was no 500-taka note released in this issue, but a new denomination note of 20 taka was introduced on 20 August 1979, being the last note of this issue prepared by the Bangladesh Bank.[17]
Fifth Series (1977)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳1 Orange and Yellow The State Emblem of Bangladesh Three spotted deer 3 September 1979
৳5 Brown Mihrab of the Kusumba Mosque Factories by a river 2 May 1978
৳10 Purple Atia Mosque Rice harvest 3 August 1978
৳20 Green Choto Sona Mosque Jute washing 20 August 1979
৳50 Orange Sat Gambuj Mosque Tea garden 4 June 1979
৳100 Blue and brown Star Mosque Southern gate of Lalbagh Fort 15 December 1977
Sixth Series
During the 80s few different designs of taka notes were introduced, but most of the designs were same. A new denomination of taka 2 note was also introduced. 10 and 50 takas were redesigned. Other denominations were as same as the previous series.
80s Banknotes
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳2 Salmon Pink and Green Shaheed Minar National Bird Doyel 29 December 1988
৳10 Copper Atia Mosque Spillway of Kaptai Dam 3 September 1982
৳50 Red National Martyrs' Memorial Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 24 August 1987
Seventh Series
During the 90s newly designed banknotes of 10,50 and 500 taka were printed. 10 taka note had a portrait of Bangabandhu.
90s Series
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Green and Brown Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Lalbagh Fort Mosque 11 December 1997
৳50 Orange Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Bagha Mosque 22 August 1988
৳500 Blue and Orange National Martyrs' Memorial Supreme Court of Bangladesh 2 July 1998
Eighth Series
This series was printed between 2000 and 2001. A polymer banknote of denomination 10 was added,but later withdrawn due to lack of popularity. Paper notes of denomination 100 and 500 were printed with new designs. A portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was added on each new note.
Bangabandhu Series (2000)
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Pink Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Baitul Mukarram National Mosque Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 2000
৳100 Blue Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman an Sixty Dome Mosque Jamuna Bridge 15 March 2001
৳500 Cream and Pink Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Sat Gambuj Mosque Supreme Court of Bangladesh 10 August 2000
Ninth Series
After a change in government new series of banknotes were introduced in 2002–2003. The portrait of Bangabandhu was absent in this series.
Ninth Series
Image Value Main Color Description First Issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳10 Pink National emblem and Baitul Mukarram National Mosque Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 7 January 2002
৳20 Green Choto Sona Mosque Washing jute 13 July 2002
৳50 Yellow and Copper Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Bagha Mosque 12 MAY, 2003
৳100 Blue National Martyrs' Memorial and Sixty Dome Mosque Jamuna Bridge 5 June 2002
৳500 Cream and Pink National Martyrs' Memorial and Sat Gambuj Mosque Supreme Court of Bangladesh 17 July 2002
Latest Issue of Each Banknote

The Bangladesh Bank has issued a new series of banknotes, phasing out the older designs for new, more secure ones. All banknotes other than the 1 taka feature a portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on the obverse along with the watermark of the National Martyrs’ Memorial.[18]

Bangabandhu Series (Latest Issue)[19]

[20]

Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description Period
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
৳2 100 × 65 mm Green and Salmon Pink Bangabandhu
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Shaheed Minar, Dhaka 9 August 2011 – present
৳5 110 × 65 mm Purple Kusumba Mosque 5 January 2017 – present
10 Bangladeshi taka rev 2011.jpg ৳10 115 × 65 mm Pink Baitul Mukarram 7 March 2012 – present
20 Bangladeshi taka rev 2011.jpg ৳20 120 × 65 mm Yellow and Green Sixty Dome Mosque 7 March 2012 – present
৳50 131 × 65 mm Orange and Yellow Zainul Abedin's painting "Ploughing" 15 December 2019 – present
100 Bangladeshi taka rev 2011.jpg ৳100 139 × 65 mm Blue Star Mosque 9 August 2011 – present
200 Bangladeshi taka Obs 2020.jpg 200 Bangladeshi taka rev 2020.jpg ৳200 139 × 65 mm Yellow and red Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Agriculture in Bangladesh 17 March 2020 – present
500 Bangladeshi taka rev 2011.jpg ৳500 147 × 65 mm Rich Deep Green and Blue Agriculture in Bangladesh 9 August 2011 – present
1000 Bangladeshi taka Obs 2011.jpg 1000 Bangladeshi taka banknote rev.jpg ৳1000 155 × 65 mm Purple and Brown Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban 9 August 2011 – present
Commemorative Banknotes

The folder of the banknote for the 40th anniversary of the independence of Bangladesh had a spelling error of the name of the country. It was inserted as Bangldesh instead of Bangladesh.[21]

Commemorative banknotes of the Bangladeshi taka
Value Dimensions Main colors Description Year of issue Date of first issue Print volume Watermark
Obverse Reverse
10 Violet on multicolor underprint Atiya Jam-e Mosque in Tangali Spillway of Kaptai Dam 1996 Modified tiger head; overprint on obverse watermark area: "VICTORY DAY SILVER JUBILEE'96"
40 122 x 60 mm Dark red, orange, and green Bangabandhu; National monument (Savar) Soldiers 2011 21 December 2011 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, electrotype 10 denomination and bank logo
60 130 x 60 mm Yellow, brown, violet, orange, and blue Shaheed Minar monument Veterans of the "Language Movement", first Shaheed Minar monument (1952) 2012 15 February 2012 20,000

(5000 in folders)

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on pixelated background, electrotype bank logo and 50
25 123 x 60 mm Blue, purple and red National Martyr's Monument in Savar, Bangladeshi taka banknotes and postage stamps, three spotted deer, magpie robin (doyel) bird Headquarters of the Security Printing Corporation 2013 26 January 2013 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, electrotype 10 denomination and bank logo
100 140 x 62 mm Blue and red 18th-century terra-cotta plaque of a horseman Bangladesh National Museum 2013 9 July 2013 100,000

(11,000 in folders)

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
70 140 x 62 mm Purple, orange and green Sheikh Mujibur Rahman; map of Bangladesh; National Martyrs’ Monument in Savar; Betbunia Satellite Center Bangabandhu-1 Satellite in orbit above earth; Padma Bridge; Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina; bank logo 2018 22 March 2018 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
100 140 x 62 mm Red, orange and yellow Portrait of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Signature of Bangabandhu. Picture of the Sundarbans mangrove forest with The Royal Bengal Tiger and the riverbank view 2020 18 March 2020 [22] Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 100 denomination and bank logo
50 Purple, light yellow and green Sheikh Mujibur Rahman; National Martyrs’ Monument in Savar; logo for the Golden Jubilee of Independence Freedom Fighters of the Liberation Army 2021 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on a pixelated background, electrotype 50 and bank logo

Exchange rates[edit]

Historic exchange rates[edit]

Upon Bangladesh's independence, the value of the Bangladeshi taka was set between ৳7.5 and ৳8.0 to US$1. Except for fiscal year 1978, the taka's value relative to the US dollar declined every year from 1971 through the end of 1987. To help offset this phenomenon, Bangladesh first used the compensatory financing facility of the International Monetary Fund in fiscal year 1974. Despite the increasing need for assistance, the Mujib government was initially unwilling to meet the IMF's conditions on monetary and fiscal policy. By fiscal year 1975, however, the government revised its stance, declaring a devaluation of the taka by 56 percent and agreeing to establishing the Bangladesh Aid Group by the World Bank.[23]

Between 1980 and 1983, the taka sustained a decline of some 50 percent because of a deterioration in Bangladesh's balance of payments.[23] Between 1985 and 1987, the taka was adjusted in frequent incremental steps, stabilising again around 12 percent lower in real terms against the US dollar, but at the same time narrowing the difference between the official rate and the preferential secondary rate from 15 percent to 7.5 percent.[23] Accompanying this structural adjustment was an expansion in trade conducted at the secondary rate, to 53 percent of total exports and 28 percent of total imports.[23] In mid-1987, the official rate was relatively stable, approaching less than ৳31 to US$1.[23] In January 2011, US$1 was equivalent to approximately ৳72,[24] as of 21 April 2012, US$1 was worth close to ৳82, and as of 9 September 2015 US$1 valued ৳77.

Bangladeshi taka per currency unit averaged over the year (January of every year)
Currency ISO code 1971 1981 1991 1996 2000 2001 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
U.S. dollar USD 7.86 18.31 36.75 40.8 50.82 53.84 58.11 67.29 67.34 67.40 68.11 69.84 81.64 78.31 76.45 78.85
Japanese yen JPY 0.02 0.09 0.27 0.38 0.48 0.46 0.56 0.55 0.62 0.74 0.74 0.84 1.06 0.88 0.73 0.64
Soviet ruble (till 1993)
Russian ruble (1993 – present)
SUR
RUB
14.93 29.00 55.12 8.16 1.85 1.91 2.17 2.62 2.79 2.14 2.31 2.35 2.66 2.63 2.29 1.20
Euro EUR 51.48 50.57 76.37 87.45 98.99 90.01 97.28 93.26 105.26 103.98 104.22 89.26
Pound sterling GBP 18.92 44.02 71.01 62.48 83.23 79.59 109.35 131.74 132.6 97.66 110.01 110.04 126.57 125.19 125.90 116.13
Swiss franc CHF 1.8 10.08 28.89 34.63 31.97 33.07 49.38 53.73 60.99 60.23 65.87 73.1 86.91 84.7 84.66 81.26
Hong Kong dollar HKD 1.31 3.53 4.68 5.28 6.53 6.9 7.45 8.62 8.62 8.69 8.77 8.97 10.51 10.1 9.85 9.86
Malaysian ringgit MYR 2.55 8.23 13.54 15.97 13.37 14.16 15.25 19.12 20.54 18.86 20.06 22.71 26.14 25.68 23.14 21.41
Kuwaiti dinar KWD 22.09 64.51 128.73 136.25 167.01 176.05 197.82 231.69 245.83 235.31 236.52 247.62 292.46 277.6 270.16 259.66
Saudi riyal SAR 1.75 5.5 9.79 10.88 13.55 14.35 15.49 17.93 17.92 17.95 18.14 18.6 21.76 20.87 20.38 20.36
Emirate dirham AED 1.65 4.89 9.96 11.11 13.84 14.65 15.82 18.31 18.33 18.34 18.54 19.01 22.22 21.31 20.81 20.82

Current exchange rates[edit]

Current BDT exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY
From OANDA: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://bb.org.bd/econdata/inflation.php
  2. ^ Company, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing. "The American Heritage Dictionary entry: taka". www.ahdictionary.com.
  3. ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Taka
  4. ^ https://www.theibns.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5&Itemid=28
  5. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Bangladesh". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA.
  6. ^ "BANGLADESH". www.banknote.ws.
  7. ^ Sakhawat, Adil (23 May 2014). "Taka fakers". Dhaka Tribune.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh new note family confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh new 10-, 20-, and 50-taka notes confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh new 40-taka commemorative confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  11. ^ "Bangladesh new 60-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  12. ^ "Bangladesh new 25-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  13. ^ "Bangladesh new 100-taka commemorative note confirmed". banknotenews.com.
  14. ^ https://www.bb.org.bd/currency/demoncurr.php
  15. ^ a b http://www.pjsymes.com.au/articles/Bangladesh-1.htm
  16. ^ http://www.pjsymes.com.au/articles/Bangladesh-2.htm
  17. ^ http://www.pjsymes.com.au/articles/Bangladesh-2.html
  18. ^ https://www.bb.org.bd/currency/note.php
  19. ^ "Bangladeshi Banknotes". Bangladesh Bank. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Bangladesh banknotes - Bangladesh paper money catalog and Bangladeshi currency history". www.atsnotes.com.
  21. ^ https://banknoteindex.com/browse.mhtml?browseBy=Id&browse=55629
  22. ^ https://www.bb.org.bd/openpdf.php
  23. ^ a b c d e Lesser, Lawrence B. (1989). "Money and Banking". In Heitzman, James; Worden, Robert (eds.). Bangladesh: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. pp. 108–109.
  24. ^ "Historical Exchange Rates". OANDA. OANDA Corporation. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2011.

External links[edit]